Interview with Sanaa Gateja

He fights poverty in Uganda through art

The mixed media artist Sanaa Gateja from Uganda created a technique where he is making beads out of recycled paper. He is known as “The Bead King” and helps villages in his home country and other African countries to gain additional income off the craft.

Sanaa Gateja has a long career in the art world behind him. His artistic talent has taken him all over the world, from Osaka in Japan, to Florence in Italy, and on top of that seven inspiring years in Great Britain. However, his trips always led back to his roots in Uganda. He started his career at the Ministry of Culture and Community Development. He began creating his own art and discovered single paper beads by accident when living in London.

– I taught art classes in London and one night I was going through some of the art rubbish bin and found a bead. I asked the class what it was and someone said it was a paper bead. I brought it home to study it, and soon after began making my own beads. I brought the skill with me to Uganda and haven not stopped making beads since then, says Sanaa.

Sanaa says there is a big difference in the accessibility of paper in different parts of the world. When he started using recycled paper as his working material in Uganda, for example, Sanaa found Chinese Propaganda Magazines along the streets of Kampala. Sanaa says they were very colorful and glossy, perfect for making beads.

– In Europe, so much paper just comes through your door without any effort, commercial flyers, advertising pamphlets, etc. In Uganda, discarded paper comes in the form of books or brochures, political posters and calendars that make excellent beads. One time I got a lot of discarded press material from Obama’s 2008 Presidential campaign. I made a large tapestry called CHANGE, and in 2010 it was exhibited at the Museum of Art and Design in New York, says Sanaa.

  • Sanaa Gateja creates beads made of paper and turn them into clothes, pots and artwork. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    Sanaa Gateja creates beads made of paper and turn them into clothes, pots and artwork. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • Sanaa thinks of his beads as small sculptures until they are put together and turns into a piece of art. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    Sanaa thinks of his beads as small sculptures until they are put together and turns into a piece of art. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • It’s important for Sanaa to recycle and use material that lost its original purpose. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    It’s important for Sanaa to recycle and use material that lost its original purpose. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • The making of the paper beads take several weeks. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    The making of the paper beads take several weeks. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • Sanaa, known as ”The Bead King”, has worked with beads for over 20 years. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    Sanaa, known as ”The Bead King”, has worked with beads for over 20 years. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

One bead with a huge impact

 Over the years Sanaa’s paper beads have turned into a National cottage industry. Sanaa tells the beads help women earn an extra income. For over 20 years, Sanaa has trained the youths in rolling many types of beads from paper, including Paper Mache. It is estimated that there are more than 50,000 people making an income from beads in Uganda alone.

– I work with a core group of seven assistants in my studio, and there are more than 50 women working part time from their homes. We produce art, wall hangings, art wear and home décor products. My vision is to make art paper from a mixture of paper and bark cloth, of different thickness. Bark cloth is a tree fabric only found in Uganda, says Sanaa.

Paper-bead creation has also started in other countries like Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa. Sanaa believes that unique paper techniques will employ many more people and make a bigger impact worldwide. Sanaa has been awarded the Bayimba Honours in 2016 for philanthropic work, a prize for making a difference in his home country with his paper beads.

At the center Kwetu Africa Art and Development, Sanaa teaches trainees from the country who come to stay for a week at a time. The trainees later return to train others in villages to teach others, where Sanaa also visits to make sure that standards and quality is kept.

– The process begins with intensive bead-rolling. The beads are treated with organic glue and vanish and then weaved together into strips. During their stay, the trainees are exposed to the bead techniques as well as the selling and marketing process in Kampala. Export is another aspect of selling, which can make a huge difference to people’s lives, says Sanaa.

 

"My vision is to make art paper from a mixture of paper and bark cloth, of different thickness."

 

Recycling is key

Sanaa explains that every bead has a lot of character. It is a small sculpture usually made of old school books or material from thrift shops. He underlines the importance of recycling and that it is necessary considering the situation in the world today. He also wants to highlight that people in African countries have always used environmentally friendly methods that more people should follow.

– We should focus on what we can do for others rather than ourselves. The more we consume, the more we should recycle. My main material is recycled paper. To others’ it may look like rubbish, but to me, every object has its own story and evokes a feeling, says Sanaa.


 


  • Saana’s work has helped villages across the country. He has been asked to teach his bead handcraft in other countries like Kenya and South Africa. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    Saana’s work has helped villages across the country. He has been asked to teach his bead handcraft in other countries like Kenya and South Africa. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • Every bead has a lot of character and is usually made of old books. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    Every bead has a lot of character and is usually made of old books. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • ”For a lot of people my main material looks like some sort of rubbish, but in my world, every object has its own story and evokes a feeling” Saana explains. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    ”For a lot of people my main material looks like some sort of rubbish, but in my world, every object has its own story and evokes a feeling” Saana explains. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • Recycling is the key – Sanaa wants more people to reuse things rather than buying something new. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    Recycling is the key – Sanaa wants more people to reuse things rather than buying something new. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

  • Sanaa loves that his work can make a difference in other people’s life, and he would like to provide more job opportunities in the future. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

    Sanaa loves that his work can make a difference in other people’s life, and he would like to provide more job opportunities in the future. Photo by: Darlyne Komukama

FACTS
Name: Sanaa Gateja
Title: Mixed media artist
Favorite material: Bark cloth, it’s a tree skin turned into fabric.
Favorite tool: Scissors are very key in my work.
Web: http://www.sanaa-gateja.com/

Share with your friends